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Plastic surgery, like any other surgical procedure, carries risks and potential complications. Dr. Mark Lee is dedicated to providing the best plastic surgery experience for his patients. During your consultation, he will discuss the specific risks and complications associated with the procedure you are interested in.

Understanding the Risks and Complications

While many people undergo plastic surgery without complications, it is important to be aware of potential risks before making a decision. Here are some complications that can occur after plastic surgery:


Infections are a common complication after surgery. Symptoms include redness, swelling, increased pain, and discharge from the surgical wound. Prompt treatment with antibiotics is crucial, and in severe cases, additional surgery may be necessary.

Visible Scarring

Plastic surgery involves incisions, which can lead to scarring. Skilled surgeons aim to minimise and strategically place incisions, but some degree of scarring is unavoidable.


A hematoma is a pocket of blood that resembles a bruise. Most hematomas resolve without additional treatment, but in some cases, surgical drainage may be required.


A seroma is the accumulation of fluid under the skin after surgery. It can cause swelling and tenderness. Small seromas may resolve on their own, but larger ones may require medical intervention.

Anaesthesia Complications

Anaesthesia can lead to minor reactions like nausea or more serious issues like heart problems. These risks will be discussed with you by the anaesthesiologist.

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

DVT is the formation of blood clots in deep veins, typically in the legs. It can lead to pain and swelling and carries the risk of a potentially life-threatening pulmonary embolism. Strategies such as compression devices and early mobilisation are used to minimise the risk.


Pain is a normal part of the recovery process. Medications are used to manage acute pain, but persistent or severe pain should be reported to the surgeon.

Minimising Risks and Complications

To minimise the risks associated with plastic surgery, consider the following steps:
Choose an Experienced Specialist Plastic Surgeon:
Select a reputable and experienced plastic surgeon like Dr. Mark Lee.
Follow Pre and Post-operative Instructions:
Adhere to the instructions provided by your surgeon, including dietary restrictions, medication guidelines, and activity limitations.

Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle

A healthy body can better cope with surgery and recover more effectively. Eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking.

Open Communication with Your Surgeon

Discuss potential risks and complications with your surgeon, allowing them to tailor the procedure and care plan to your specific needs.

Avoid Smoking

Smoking increases the risk of complications after plastic surgery. Quitting smoking before surgery can greatly improve the chances of a successful recovery.

Specific Risks and Complications:

Different procedures have their own specific risks and complications. Here are some associated with breast surgery, body contouring surgery, and face surgery:

Breast Surgery

Capsular contracture
Implant rupture or leakage
Changes in sensation
Breastfeeding difficulties
BIA-ALCL (rare)

Body Contouring Surgery

Skin irregularities and changes in skin sensation
Poor wound healing
Skin discoloration
Prolonged swelling
Unsatisfactory results
DVT and pulmonary embolism

Face Surgery

Nerve injury
Poor aesthetic outcome
Changes in skin sensation
Skin necrosis
Nasal sept