The most important outcome for Dr Lee and his team is ensuring the safety and quality of procedures for all our patients. This information is for our breast enlargement and breast reconstruction patients who want to know how the most experienced surgeons reduce their risk of infection during surgery.

What is the 14-point plan and why is it important?

First published in 2013, the 14-point plan has now been adopted by Specialist Plastic Surgeon’s worldwide. The plan draws on proven strategies for surgeons to use during breast implant surgery to reduce the likelihood of bacteria attaching to the implants and therefore improve the chances of a stable, long lasting and successful outcome.

What is Biofilm?

Bacteria that come into contact with implants can become adherent and quickly secrete a thick sticky coating that binds them onto the surface irreversibly. The combination of bacteria and their protective coating is termed biofilm and can cause capsular contracture – hardening, pain and deformity following breast implant surgery.

Biofilms are now recognised as the leading cause of implant failure in medicine, affecting not just breast implants but orthopaedic implants, cochlear implants, contact lenses, catheters and heart valves.

By following the steps outlined in the 14-point plan, surgeons can combat the risk of bacterial infection.

Does Dr Mark Lee follow this plan?


Dr Lee and his team pride themselves on outstanding patient care, both before and after surgery. His experience in cosmetic and reconstructive surgery spans over 20 years, remaining committed to the latest advances in technique and technology.

If you would like to learn more about the possibility of breast implant removal surgery, or have any concerns about your current breast implants, Dr Lee and his team are always more than happy to talk about your options. Choosing to have plastic surgery is a serious personal decision and undertaking. Please be mindful that any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks.